History of African Music



African music can not be separated into Light and Classical music. Ritual music is distinct from one another, and light music. Dance is one of those things. Masks, myths, and music are combined to form African culture and rituals. African musical traditions are rapidly changing.

The music is based on African culture

Music as a Transmitter

Throughout African religions, they are influenced by animals, plants, and inanimate nature. Music is a communicator, since the sound is immaterial, between the physical and unseen realm of spirits and human earth. During these ceremonies significant events in life such as birth, healing, wedding, farming, hunting, sacrifice, the election of spiritual and secular rulers, and funeral take place. Music has a social function: the cognitive content of culture is taught at school, royal drums and trumpets represent secular rulers.

Myths, legends, news, and chronicles are accompanied by music as well as dance and entertainment.

Characteristic features

A characteristic feature of African music is the singing style, with the many African languages and sound languages, where the pitch represents the sense of the text. Often, rhythms are difficult. Drumming varies but improvisation is discouraged as it may lead to misunderstandings. It does not give rise to trance-like states, but the aim of ritual music is to bring yourself into a trance through the specified rhythms.

mini jembe

The instruments

Typical musical instruments are the six-string Pluriarc and the tumbler. The mbira dza vadzimu is used for entertainment and for contacting the ancestors. Stringed instruments are harps like the bridge harp kora, bow harps like the ardin and the ennanga and spit sounds like the endingidi and the goge. The ramki neck lute also belongs to it. Lyre, zither, mouth bows for plucking and playing, but also music bows with undivided strings belong to the repertoire of string instruments. Drums, idiophones and also wind instruments such as East African flutes, longitudinal flutes without finger holes, double reed instruments such as the nzumari and natural horns and natural trumpets are typical African instruments. Tone color and pitch differences in drums. Talking drums communicate whole words and sentences.

Scales of sound

Pentatonic or heptatonic with regionally varying sizes of intervals vary from the European scales. Simple, often repeated motifs and principles of rough and rude voice are popular. Style areas in Central and South Africa can be loosely divided into rainforest, savannah area and Bantu language area.

Naija Music, for “Nigeria Music”

Their songs are a real condensed history of black music, a cleverly arranged poto-poto of feelings: a misplaced backbone and it’s West Indian zouk; choirs that evoke Yoruba songs; tempos or harmonies to the taste of Trinidadian calypso; zest of Congolese rumba or Ghanaian high-life…All with a background of soul. You can find some songs here: https://www.naijavibe.net/100-hot-song-of-naijavibe-music/





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